China and Europe Compete for GPS Satellite Navigation Honours
China and Europe are at logger heads regarding their respective global satellite navigation systems which apparently have overlapping signals. China's system, called Beidou, is planned to be completed in 2020, which is also when the European system, called Galileo, as a result of be finished.
China has been working on Beidou since 2000. It launched three geostationary satellites between October 2000 and could 2003 in a phase called Beidou-1. These satellites are reported to acquire played a vital role when it came to rescuing survivors following earthquake in Wenchuan in 2008.
Beidou-2 is definitely going to be broken up into two stages using the first taking place from 2011 to 2015, when 12 to 14 satellites will probably be launched. When Baidou-2 is complete, China's navigation system will comprise in excess of 30 satellites. In accordance with Qi Faren, former chief designer for Shenzhou spaceships and a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) (as reported by Space Daily), the satellites launched between 2011 and 2015 will give you navigation, timing and short message services within the Asia and Pacific region. Others will complete the nation's global navigation system that will rival that of the usa - and, apparently, Europe.
The problem with Baidou, at least according to the Western european, is that it uses exactly the same signal as their Galileo Satellite Navigation System. According to Space News, the radio spectrum on which both projects wish to operate is already overcrowded, but neither project desires to move because of the large costs involved. No less than that's been touted for the reason that primary reason, but accountant los angeles factors at play.
The two opposing projects happen to be playing a waiting game more than two years to see who blinks first. China, it seems like, is determined to carry on as planned, as evidenced by its string of satellite launches. Meanwhile, the European Commission has complained that this impasse is about to turned into a major security issue for the EU. They've unsuccessfully tried to persuade China to relocate frequencies, but China is adhering to its guns, simply because it has every right to do.
You see, having both systems on a single frequency doesn't mean that capacity is threatened. They'll both be capable of function (more or less) perfectly. But, they will not be able to jam the other's signals. Therefore it is no wonder China isn't willing cede ground and why the Europe Union is adamant who's does so.
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Adding to the issue are navigation systems from Russia (Glonass), Japan and India, all of which will compete in the same space. Originates from race, it seems, is only just beginning.